The Great Legend of Thai Elephant 2014

The Thai Elephant Conservation Center and the Forest Industry Organization proudly hold ?The Great Legend of Thai Elephant 2014 ? during January 9-13 2014 at National Elephant Institute (Thai Elephant Conservation Center) Hang Chat, Lampang Province.

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The National Elephant Day March 13 2013

The National Elephant Day this year will be held on March 13 2013 at the Thai Elephant Conservation Center in Hang Chat District, Lampang Province..

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Stoke Chang Festival March 13 2013

The first Stoke Chang Festival was started in February 3 1995 by Mrs. Sahut Pintusenee the former Lampang Provincial Governer and Professor Chanchai Pahuad The former Director of Lampang Technical Collage in order to hold the buffet to feed all elephants of Thai Elephant Conservation Center on the big tray and to raise the fund in order to help the elephants in the future. This year the Stoke Change will held on March 13 2013 in the same day as the National Elephant Day..

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The World Teak Conference 2013

Thailand hosts the World Teak Conference 2013
In Bangkok
25-30 March 2013

HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has advised to the Lord Chamberlain to study and to look into how to conserve and preserve the important plant genetic resources of Thailand, that would benefits to the Thai of present and future generations. The HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Plant Genetic Conservation Project (RSPG) was thus established in June, 1992. The main objectives of RSPG are to conserve Thai plant genetic resources and to establish plant germplasm bank. With HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn?s advises on project?s operation, RSPG has progressed rapidly. Many important plant species have been conserved and several species were preserved in the germplasm bank. Data base center has also been established with useful data that collected from around the countries. Government and non-Government agencies have joined the RSPG project. Over 1,600 schools have participated in the project and students learned. At present, RSPG is operating under the 5th five year plan (2011-2015) to focus on 3 important resources, namely; the biological resources, phisical resources and traditional and cultural resources.

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Musth Elephant

Musth or must is a periodic condition in bull elephants, characterized by highly aggressive behavior, accompanied by a large rise in reproductive hormones ? testosterone levels in an elephant in musth can be as much as 60 times greater than in the same elephant at other times. However, whether this hormonal surge is the sole cause of musth, or merely a contributing factor, is unknown; scientific investigation of musth is problematic because during musth even elephants that are otherwise placid may try to kill humans.

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White elephant

A white elephant is an idiom for a valuable but burdensome possession of which its owner cannot dispose and whose cost (particularly cost of upkeep) is out of proportion to its usefulness or worth. The term derives from the story that the kings of Siam (now Thailand) were accustomed to make a present of one of these animals to courtiers who had rendered themselves obnoxious, in order to ruin the recipient by the cost of its maintenance. In modern usage, it is an object, scheme, business venture, facility, etc., considered to be without use or value.

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Elephant’s Teeth

Unlike most mammals, which grow baby teeth and then replace them with a single permanent set of adult teeth, elephants have cycles of tooth rotation throughout their entire lives. The tusks have milk precursors, which fall out quickly and the adult tusks are in place by one year of age, but the chewing teeth are replaced five[55] or, very rarely, six times in an elephant’s lifetime.

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Elephant ‘s Trunk

The elephant raises its trunk as a sign of warning or to smell enemies or friends
Articulation of elephant trunk.
An elephant can use its trunk for a variety of purposes. This one is wiping its eye.
Eye of an Asian elephant.

The proboscis, or trunk, is a fusion of the nose and upper lip,[44] elongated and specialized to become the elephant’s most important and versatile appendage. African elephants are equipped with two fingerlike projections at the tip of their trunk, while Asians have only one. The elephant’s trunk is sensitive enough to pick up a single blade of grass, yet strong enough to rip the branches off a tree.

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Asian elephant

The Asian elephant, Elephas maximus, is smaller than the African. It has smaller ears, and typically, only the males have large external tusks.

The world population of Asian elephants?also called Indian elephants?is estimated to be around 60,000, about a tenth of the number of African elephants. More precisely, it is estimated that there are between 38,000 and 53,000 wild elephants and between 14,500 and 15,300 domesticated elephants in Asia, with perhaps another 1,000 scattered around zoos in the rest of the world.[43] The Asian elephants’ decline has possibly been more gradual than the African and caused primarily by poaching and habitat destruction by human encroachment.
A decorated Indian elephant in Jaipur, India.
Elephant orphanage in Sri Lanka

Several subspecies of Elephas maximus have been identified, using morphometric data and molecular markers. Elephas maximus maximus (Sri Lankan elephant) is found only on the island of Sri Lanka. It is the largest of the Asians. There are an estimated 3,000?4,500 members of this subspecies left today in the wild, although no accurate census has been carried out recently. Large males can weigh upward to 5,400 kg (12,000 lb) and stand over 3.4 m (11 ft) tall. Sri Lankan males have very large cranial bulges, and both sexes have more areas of depigmentation than other Asians. Typically, their ears, face, trunk, and belly have large concentrations of pink-speckled skin. There is an orphanage for elephants in Pinnawala, Sri Lanka, which plays a large role in protecting the Sri Lankan elephant from extinction.

Elephas maximus indicus (Indian elephant) makes up the bulk of the Asian elephant population. Numbering approximately 36,000, these elephants are lighter grey in colour, with depigmentation only on the ears and trunk. Large males will ordinarily weigh only about 5,000 kg (11,000 lb), but are as tall as the Sri Lankan. The mainland Asian can be found in 11 Asian countries, from India to Indonesia. They prefer forested areas and transitional zones, between forests and grasslands, where greater food variety is available.

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African elephant

The elephants of the genus Loxodonta, known collectively as African elephants, are currently found in 37 countries in Africa.

African elephants are distinguished from Asian elephants in several ways, the most noticeable being their much larger ears.[29] Also, the African elephant is typically larger than the Asian elephant and has a concave back. In Asian elephants, only males have tusks, but both males and females of African elephants have tusks and are usually less hairy than their Asian cousins.

African elephants have traditionally been classified as a single species comprising two distinct subspecies, namely the savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) and the forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), but recent DNA analysis suggests that these may actually constitute distinct species.[30] This split is not universally accepted by experts.[4] A third species of African elephant has also been proposed.

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