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Thung Kwian Forest Plantation is a vast, sustainable teak plantation of 15,127 rai (2,400 hectares or 5,900 acres) adjoining the Thai Elephant Conservation Center to the south. The plantation was established by the FIO on the site of an old logging concession, with the first seedlings planted in 1968. The plantation has a service area open to the public, a large central park feeling much like an arboretum, with more than 170 interesting and well-labeled trees, herbs, cacti, succulents, and even plants used in Buddhist religious rites. Thung Kwian also boasts a pine plantation and a sunflower field that is quite beautiful in November.

The plantation's park, while of no great interest to most international tourists apart from avid campers, is much loved and used by the local Thais as a recreation area. Beyond frequently hosting local festivals, the plantation's park is a favorite spot for weekend picnics and for camping by local schools and scout troops. Thung Kwian also has well-developed mountain bike trails and often hosts national competitions.

Thung Kwian's teak trees come from superior seedlings developed by the FIO, all planted by local villagers hired to do the work; the plantation hosts a 'forest village' which is much respected as a model of community development. The teak trees, which were first harvested in 1995, have been certified as ecologically sustainable by the SmartWood Program of the Rainforest Alliance and also accredited by the Forest Stewardship Council; the harvested wood can thus be legally exported worldwide.

Thung Kwian Plantation, as with all other FIO plantations, is important in helping to meet Thailand's burgeoning need for wood since the 1989 government ban on logging in natural forests. The area is also an important watershed.

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